Articles and Resources for ChatGPT
ChatGPT has been a major topic in learning technology discussion for the past few weeks. It introduces a web-accessible, friendly, interface to the existing GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) system which is created and maintained by the OpenAI corporation.
ChatGPT generates text in response to a prompt. This text is generated based on a set of training data which the system has been exposed to in order to model what a text might look like. ChatGPT was also trained on a set of conversations and ratings by human trainers who looked at several potential ChatGPT answers for a given prompt.
It is important to note that the text GPT generates is based solely on the structure of text and so it has no inherent understanding of any concepts. It cannot know anything about heart disease, only what words and phrases are commonly associated with the words “heart disease” in the training data it has been given. This means that it may generate perfectly correct and helpful text or it may generate plausible but completely incorrect text. Many people have shared that ChatGPT has generated citations for its work, but these referenced works that do not exist, or that do exist but do not relate to the words being included. This is because ChatGPT understands the form of a citation, but has no concept of a citation, it’s simply a thing it has seen in the training data.
Many people have been writing about ChatGPT, particularly in the context of higher education. Several of these are gathered here:
January 10 Updates:
- An overview of ChatGPT from OpenAI.
- An article on Transdisciplinary UCalgary team investigates ethical use of AI in post-secondary in from University of Calgary.
- Two articles, Teaching Experts Are Worried About ChatGPT, but Not for the Reasons You Think and Will ChatGPT Change the Way You Teach? from The Chronicle of Higher Education
- Two articles ChatGPT: A Must-See Before the Semester Begins and What are We Doing About AI Essays? in Faculty Focus
- An Article: In Defense of “Banning” ChatGPT by Autumm Caines in response to the stance by some secondary school boards (New York, particularly) to restrict access to ChatGPT.
- The paper How to cheat on your final paper: Assigning AI for student writing by Paul Fyfe in AI & Society
- The article College student made app that exposes AI-written essays in Polygon
- If you’re looking from more, there is a roundup of ChatGPT Articles for educators from Stephen Downes and another, more general, roundup from Brian Alexander.
January 11 Updates:
- I realized I didn’t provide a link to try ChatGPT for yourself. Note access requires you to register and your usage will be studied as part of the ChatGPT development.
- Ten Facts About ChatGPT in Contact North / TechOnline
- Artificial intelligence is getting better at writing, and universities should worry about plagiarism from UToday and Dr. Eaton’s interview with the Calgary Eyeopener
- The nail in the coffin: How AI could be the impetus to reimagine education by Cynthia Alby
- Some ill-formed thoughts about AI, robot colleagues, resistance, refusal. by Anne-Marie Scott
- Australian schools ‘flying blind’ on use of ChatGPT and other learning technology and Australian universities to return to ‘pen and paper’ exams after students caught using AI to write essays in the Guardian
- Advice Concerning the Increase in AI-Assisted Writing by Professors Edward Schiappa and Nick Montfort for MIT
- GPT-2 Output Detector Demo
- Note: I’m not sure about the source of this one, but tested briefly it seems to provide fairly correct responses for modern GPT text. *Also note that it seems to be looking for Real or fake GPT text. So the more real a thing is the more likely it is to be written by GPT. This is another Machine Learning system based on training data, so your results may vary.
- Sarah’s Thoughts: Artificial Intelligence and Academic Integrity from Dr. Sarah Eaton
- Collaborating With ChatGPT: Considering the Implications of Generative Artificial Intelligence for Journalism and Media Education in Journalism & Mass Communication Educator
- ChatGPT: The End of Online Exam Integrity? by Teo Susnjak
January 12 Updates:
- ChatGPT Advice Academics Can Use Now from Susan D’Agostino in Inside Higher Ed
- The Key to Success in College Is So Simple, It’s Almost Never Mentioned opinion by Jonathan Malesic in The New York Times
- Idle Thoughts — ChatGPT etc. in Education from Tony Hirst
- AI can’t kill anything worth preserving from Austin Kleon
- ChatGPT Can’t Kill Anything Worth Preserving from John Warner
January 13 Updates:
- ChatGPT: How to adapt your courses for AI? from FeedbackFruits
- Eight ways to engage with AI writers in higher education from Times Higher Education
- The ChatGPT group on Zotero
January 16 Updates:
- Teaching and Learning with Artificial Intelligence Apps from Lorelei Anselmo and Sarah Eaton at The Taylor Institute for Teaching and Learning at University of Calgary
- Will an AI soon be writing our PhDs? from Katherine Firth in Research Degree Insiders
- Scientists, please don’t let your chatbots grow up to be co-authors from Gary Marcus
- Chatbots could one day replace search engines. Here’s why that’s a terrible idea from Will Douglas Heaven in MIT Technology Review
- Alarmed by A.I. Chatbots, Universities Start Revamping How They Teach in Kalley Huang in The New York Times (University of Calgary community members can access the New York Times via the library guide here: https://libguides.ucalgary.ca/c.php?g=460116&p=5070097)
January 17 Updates:
- ChatGPT has arrived – and nothing has changed in Times Higher Education
- A new tool helps teachers detect if AI wrote an assignment in All Things Considered, National Public Radio
- Talking About Large Language Models by Murray Shanahan
- I asked Chat GPT to write a song in the style of Nick Cave and this is what it produced. What do you think? by Nick Cave
January 18 Updates:
- Coping With ChatGPT from Tracy Mitrano opinion column in Inside Higher Ed
- chatGPT – learn more from SUNY Online Teaching
- AI use in class policy from George Veletsianos
- College Unbound – AI Generative Tools Policy Development Plan from College Unbound
January 24 Updates:
- A Message to Students About ‘The Bot’ by Julia McKenzie Munemo opinion column in Inside Higher Ed
- Seeing Past the Dazzle of ChatGPT by Anna Mills opinion column in Inside Higher Ed
- AI Writing Detection: A Losing Battle Worth Fighting by Susan D’Agostino in Inside Higher Ed
- OpenAI Used Kenyan Workers on Less Than $2 Per Hour to Make ChatGPT Less Toxic in Time
- Scores of Stanford students used ChatGPT on final exams, survey suggests in The Stanford Daily
- Adapting College Writing for the Age of Large Language Models such as ChatGPT: Some Next Steps for Educators by Anna Mills and Lauren M. E. Goodlad in Critical AI
- Why Banning ChatGPT in Class Is a Mistake by Thomas Mennella in Campus Technology
- Prior to (or instead of) using ChatGPT with your students by Autumm Caines
- ChatGPT listed as author on research papers: many scientists disapprove by Chris Stokel-Walker in Nature News
- Tools such as ChatGPT threaten transparent science; here are our ground rules for their use Nature Editorial
- CEO of ChatGPT maker responds to schools’ plagiarism concerns: ‘We adapted to calculators and changed what we tested in math class’ in Business Insider
January 25 Updates:
- A Guide on Artificial Intelligence from Mount Royal University Library
- New Modes of Learning Enabled by AI Chatbots: Three Methods and Assignments by Ethan R. Mollick and Lilach Mollick.
- AI, Instructional Design, and OER by David Wiley
- Losing the Plot: From the Dream of AI to Performative Equity by Brenna Clarke Gray for TRU Digital Detox
- What does ChatGPT mean for higher education? in University of Miami News
- ChatGPT search – Autotune for knowledge by Dave Cormier
- Why I’m Not Scared of ChatGPT by Christopher Grobe essay in The Chronicle of Higher Education
January 31 Updates:
- Will AI tech like ChatGPT improve inclusion for people with communication disability? in The Conversation
- Designing Assignments in the ChatGPT Era by Susan D’Agostino in Inside Higher Ed
- Teaching Students to Write with AI: The SPACE Framework by Glenn M. Kleiman
- How to cite ChatGPT by Paul R. Pival
- Critical lenses on ‘AI’ by Iris van Rooij
- Top French university bans use of ChatGPT to prevent plagiarism on Reuters
- University declines to ban ChatGPT, releases faculty guidance for its usage in The Princetonian
February 3 Updates:
- Re-examining AI, automation and datafication in education editorial in Learning, Media and Technology by Ben Williamson, Felicitas Macgilchrist and John Potter
- AI in Higher Education Resource Hub at Contact North / TechOnline
February 6 Updates:
- Chat GPT and Teaching and Learning from the MacPherson Institute at McMaster University
- Generative Artificial Intelligence in the Classroom from the Centre for Teaching Support & Innovation at the University of Toronto
- How ChatGPT Kicked Off an A.I. Arms Race by Kevin Roose in The New York Times
- WTF is ChatGPT – a No BS Breakdown by Bradly Robb
As the discussion evolves we will update the collection here.